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Data Collections
Sorted by South Carolina Census & Voter Lists
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U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
South Carolina, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-189057,762
Index to the 1800 Census of South Carolina270
Free Blacks and Mulattos in South Carolina 1850 Census263
Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790: South Carolina152
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Sorted by South Carolina Birth, Marriage & Death
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U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-19356,427,235
South Carolina, Death Records, 1821-19683,770,656
South Carolina, County Marriage Records, 1907-2000566,806
South Carolina, Delayed Birth Records, 1766-1900 and City of Charleston, South Carolina, Birth Records, 1877-1901261,118
South Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980232,046
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Sorted by South Carolina Military
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U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-18652,049,383
U.S., Lists of Men Ordered to Report to Local Board for Military Duty, 1917–1918613,480
South Carolina, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-189057,762
U.S., Confederate Service Records, 1861-186557,570
South Carolina, Clemson University Student Military Service Records, 1894-19448,413
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Sorted by South Carolina Immigration & Emigration
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U.S., Applications for Seaman's Protection Certificates, 1916-1940320,331
South Carolina, Passenger Lists, 1906-1962140,501
South Carolina, Naturalization Records, 1868-1991105,953
U.S., Southeast Coastwise Inward and Outward Slave Manifests, 1790-1860Free55,974
Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775Free50,955
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Data Collections
Sorted by South Carolina Newspapers & Periodicals
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Calendar of the Tennessee and King's Mountain papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts703
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Sorted by South Carolina Pictures
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There are no Pictures collections unique to South Carolina
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Sorted by South Carolina Directories & Member Lists
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U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-19356,427,235
South Carolina, Clemson University (Agricultural College) Directory of Graduates, 1896-19405,503
South Carolina, Baptist Deaths and Marriages, 1866-18873,288
Old South Carolina churches251
A Compilation of the Original Lists of Protestant Immigrants to South Carolina, 1763-1773163
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Sorted by South Carolina Court, Land, Wills & Financial
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South Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980232,046
U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820171,563
Edgefield, South Carolina, Slave Records, 1774-1866Free38,672
U.S., Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices, 1863-1878Free27,526
Web: U.S., Slave Era Insurance Policies Index, 1640-1865Free682
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Sorted by South Carolina Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
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Calendar of the Tennessee and King's Mountain papers of the Draper Collection of Manuscripts703
Directory of Scots in the Carolinas, 1680-1830334
Indexes to the County Wills of South Carolina249
View other Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference collections related to South Carolina (92)

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Sorted by South Carolina Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
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There are no Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers collections unique to South Carolina
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Sorted by South Carolina Stories, Memories & Histories
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Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775Free119,305
Edgefield, South Carolina, Slave Records, 1774-1866Free38,672
Eight generations of the family of Henry Fox (1768-1852) and his wife, Sarah Harrell Fox (1772-1848), of South Carolina, Tennes1,460
Cyclopedia of eminent and representative men of the Carolinas of the nineteenth century1,405
Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-17741,272
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A Genealogical History

South Carolina in brief

Statehood: May 23, 1788
Capital: Columbia
Largest City: Columbia
Counties: 46
State motto: Dum Spiro Spero (While I Breath, I Hope), Animis Opibusque Parati (Prepared In Mind and Resources)
State nickname: The Palmetto State
Neighboring states: North Carolina, Georgia


Charleston, S.C. Custom House, c. 1850

Interesting Facts

  • In 1497 John Cabot claimed South Carolina for King Henry VII, but it wasn’t until March 1670 that settlers finally landed in what is now called Bull’s Bay and permanent settlement began.
  • Charles Town, settled in 1680 (and renamed Charleston in 1783) was one of the first pre-planned towns in North America and was the capital of the state until 1790.
  • Following the election of Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina was the first state to secede, and first ratify the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. The first shots of the Civil War were fired as the Union ship, “Star of the West” tried to reinforce Fort Sumter.
  • In 1865, General William Tecumseh Sherman’s troops cut a swath through South Carolina leaving a path of destruction in its wake, and burning the capital city of Columbia.

Featured South Carolina Data Collections

South Carolina, Confederate Home Records, 1909-19582,902
South Carolina, Death Records, 1821-19683,770,656
South Carolina Probate Records, Files and Loose Papers, 1732-19640
South Carolina, Delayed Birth Records, 1766-1900 and City of Charleston, South Carolina, Birth Records, 1877-1901261,118
South Carolina, Naturalization Records, 1868-1991105,953

Famous People

Help and Advice

 

Resources

South Carolina Census Research

Federal censuses for South Carolina begin in 1790 and are mostly complete, although the Richland District is missing for the 1800 census. The 1850 census of York and Lexington districts indicates county of birth as well as state for each person.

Although South Carolina did not conduct any full colonial censuses, fragments of state census returns are available at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. These include the 1829 state census of Fairfield and Laurens districts, and the 1839 state census of Kershaw and Chesterfield districts.

The population returns for the 1869 state census are complete except for Clarendon, Oconee, and Spartanburg counties. The 1875 state census returns are available for Clarendon, Newberry, and Marlboro Counties, as are partial returns for Abbeville, Beaufort, Fairfield, Lancaster, and Sumter counties. The original returns are found at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History.


South Carolina Vital Records

A law mandating registration of all births and deaths in South Carolina was signed into law on 1 September 1914. Actual registration began in 1915, and South Carolina achieved 90-percent compliance within a few years.

South Carolina had no law requiring marriage licenses or registration until 1911, though many earlier records were recorded on the county level.

  • : Holds records of births, marriages, and deaths. The page provides a link to South Carolina Death Indexes.

 

South Carolina Research Resources

365体育投注网站The organizations listed below provide information about South Carolina history and genealogy. In addition to these state-level resources, many counties and towns maintain important genealogical collections in local libraries, genealogical societies, or historical societies, so check for a local resource when researching.

 

Statewide Research Resources

  • : In addition to its on-site collections, the Archives has also indexed several collections of interest to genealogists, including  transcripts of early wills from 21 counties; militia enrollment from 1869; criminal court records; and records of Confederate Veterans. Available collections are described on the Digital Collections page.
  • : The site includes a link to a .
  • : This facility maintains records from Federal agencies and courts in South Carolina, including census, military, court, naturalization, and immigration records.

 

Specialty and Regional Research